Know All About The Top 8 Common Causes of Low Sperm Count


Oligospermia is defined as a sperm count of less than 15 million per milliliter, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The typical sperm count per milliliter of sperm ranges from 15 million to more than 200 million. A complete lack of sperm is referred to as Azoospermia. The sperm count is important in fertility since a low sperm count reduces the odds of fertilizing an egg, impacting your partner’s chances of getting pregnant.

The failure to conceive a child is the most common low sperm count sign, and this problem may have little to no signs at all. 

  • Problems with sexual function. This may include low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • There may be some pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicular area.
  • Decreased face or body hair and other chromosomal or hormone abnormalities.

Causes of Low Sperm Count

Low sperm count can be a product of various factors, including industrial pollution and lifestyle variables like smoking and obesity. Also, medical issues such as hormone imbalance and infection can cause this. Here are some of the most frequent causes of low sperm count.

Medical Causes

  • Infections causing blockage or harm to the reproductive system, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy used to treat cancer can cause sperm production problems.
  • Obese or overweight males are three times more likely than normal-weight men to have worse semen quality displaying low sperm count signs.
  • Hormone imbalances, chromosome problems, and genetic syndromes such as cystic fibrosis, Kallmann’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome, and Kartagener’s syndrome can cause male reproductive system abnormalities.
  • Male fertility can be harmed by antifungal and antibiotic drugs, cancer, and some ulcer medications.
  • Diabetes, spine injuries, and bladder or prostate surgery can cause erection/ejaculation problems.
  • Immune system diseases may influence sperm count in some cases.
  • Testicular procedures, prostate surgeries, bladder surgeries, vasectomy, and major abdominal surgeries can all restrict sperm produced during ejaculation causing low sperm count signs.
  • Varicoceles or swelling in the veins drain the testicles.

With the help of your Bajaj Finance Health Card, you can choose urologists, schedule a medical consultation, and divide your bill into no-cost EMIs if you show any of the symptoms of low sperm counts due to these causes.

Lifestyle causes

  • Steroids, medications, and other supplements can lower sperm count and quality. Anabolic steroids reduce sperm production and cause testicles to atrophy. Marijuana and Cocaine have similar effects on sperm production.
  • Long-sitting jobs, such as truck driving, are linked to an increased risk of infertility.
  • Long-term and severe emotional imbalances, such as stress and depression, impact the hormones that control sperm production.
  • Being overweight or obese affects sperm by causing hormonal changes.
  • Cigarette smokers and alcoholics may have more low sperm count signs than others.
  • Various difficulties can cause a lower-than-normal sperm count during sperm analysis or sperm count testing.

Environmental causes

  • Overheating of the testes due to frequent usage of saunas or hot tubs is another factor. Working on your laptop or sitting for long while wearing tight clothing might raise the temperature in your scrotum, reducing sperm production.
  • Being in proximity to radiation can also disrupt reproduction, and it might take years for sperm production to return to normal.
  • Exposure to heavy metals, such as lead, can induce infertility.
  • Herbicides, pesticides, and other industrial chemicals such as benzenes, toluene, xylene, lead, paints, and organic solvents can all cause Herbicides.

If you show any symptoms of low sperm counts due to these factors, you can use your Bajaj Finance Health Card to consult urologists. So, book a medical consultation, and divide your bill into no-cost EMIs.


Low sperm count and infertility risk increase with age. Even while males can contribute to conception after the age of 40, the germinal epithelium and Leydig cells, which play a vital role in spermatogenesis (production of sperms), undergo degenerative alterations. Furthermore, around the age of 30, there is a decline in testosterone production, which impacts sperm production. Erectile dysfunction is also three times more likely in men between the ages of 40 and 70, resulting in a low sperm count and infertility.

If you haven’t been able to conceive a child after a year of unprotected sex, you should consult a doctor. Consult your doctor if you have difficulty with ejaculation, pain, or discomfort in the testicular region or testicle or penis surgery, as these could be signs of low sperm count or infertility. Find urologists and other specialists in your area, make an appointment for medical consultation, and divide your bill into no-cost EMIs with the help of your Bajaj Finance Health Card.

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By Michael Caine

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