What is cardiomyopathy and what are its treatments?

The heart muscle disease which makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood is named cardiomyopathy. It can often lead to heart failure or other heart-related issues. There are a number of cardiomyopathy types that include hypertrophic, restrictive, and dilated cardiomyopathy.

The cardiomyopathy treatment might include surgically implanted devices, medications, heart surgery, and can even lead to heart transplant in severe cases. All these treatments depend on the type of cardiomyopathy that you are suffering from and the level of severeness. Peak Heart and Vascular is among the most valued multispecialty cardiovascular group located in Phoenix, Arizona providing cardiomyopathy diagnosis, treatments, and other services. Our exceptional medical team can diagnose and help you manage this chronic heart condition, preventing it to impact your long-term health.

Cardiomyopathy Diagnosis

Initially, a physical examination will be performed by your doctor and might ask about your personal and family medical history. You may also be asked when the symptoms occurred.  If he thinks you have cardiomyopathy, a number of cardiomyopathy diagnosis and tests might be performed for confirming the symptoms, including

  • X-ray of your chest: This is an image of your heart displaying if it’s enlarged.
  • Echocardiogram: The test creates images of your heart displaying the size, motion, and beats. The test also checks the valves of your heart and helps in determining the cause.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): A non-invasive test in which patches of electrodes are attached to the chest for measuring your heart’s electrical signals. It displays the disturbances in the heart’s electrical activities and abnormal heart rhythms.
  • Cardiac MRI: In this test, radio waves and magnetic fields are used for creating images of your heart. If echocardiogram images are not helpful, your doctor then asks to perform a cardiac MRI.
  • Blood Tests: Performing a number of blood tests might be recommended by your doctor that includes examining kidney, thyroid, liver functions. A test to check the iron levels might also be performed alongside.

Cardiomyopathy Treatment

The major goals of cardiomyopathy treatment include managing your symptoms and signs, reducing the risk of complications, and preventing the condition from worsening. The type of cardiomyopathy treatment depends on the type of cardiomyopathy you have. About Our Fertility Treatment


There are a number of medications that are used for the treatment of cardiomyopathy. These medications can help in

  • Improving blood flow
  • Slowing heart rate
  • Improving the ability of the heart to pump blood
  • Preventing blood clots
  • Lowering blood pressure
  • Removing the extra amount of fluids from the body


The therapies or non-surgical procedures used for the treatment of cardiomyopathy include

  • Septal Ablation: In this therapy, a small portion of the heart muscle causing restriction to the blood flow is destroyed by injecting alcohol. This process allows the blood to flow through that area.
  • Radiofrequency ablation: This therapy is mostly used in the treatment of irregular heart rhythms in which doctors insert flexible tubes called catheters to the heart through blood vessels. Electrodes are placed on the tips of these catheters that transmit energy for damaging the abnormal heart tissue.


The surgeries used for the treatment of cardiomyopathy include

  • Septal Myectomy: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treatment is mostly carried out through Septal Myectomy. This is a type of open-heart surgery where the surgeon eliminates a part of the thickened muscle wall of the heart. This wall is called the septum, which separates the two ventricles (bottom heart chambers). It improves the blood flow and reduces mitral valve regurgitation.
  • Heart transplant: If you have an end-stage heart failure, where medications will not work, your doctor might recommend a heart transplant.


There are several ways through which you can prevent cardiomyopathy. Living a healthy lifestyle and making lifestyle choices such as eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and reducing stress will definitely help.

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By Michael Caine

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