The human body is a complex machine. It has a lot of different organs and systems. Proper functioning of all these systems and organs is necessary for the healthy sustenance of human life. 

Urination is among one of the most important systems in our body. And kidneys are the organ that play a very important role in urination. Another important role that kidneys play for our body’s functionality is filtering the blood out of toxins. 

There are several diseases and conditions that affect kidneys’ functionality. As a result, kidneys fail to perform their functions, and patient’s bodies need artificial support to carry these functions out. 

In this article, we will take a look at one such artificial supporting procedure that helps failing kidneys in performing their functions. The name of this procedure is dialysis. We will also take a look at what causes the kidneys to fail, symptoms of kidney failure and how dialysis can help patients survive. 

Who needs dialysis? 

The basic function of kidneys is to filter our blood from harmful toxins and manage the flow of liquid outside our body via urine. When kidneys stop performing this function due to any disease, then Dialysis performs that function artificially. 

One of the main causes that you will need dialysis to survive is chronic kidney disease. Dialysis is a complicated procedure and there are different kinds of dialysis to deal with different kinds of kidney problems. 

Other than kidney failure these are the problems that may require dialysis as a treatment: 

  1. The brain stops functioning normally
  2. The area around our heart (pericarditis) gets inflamed. 
  3. The acid levels in our blood increase
  4. Imbalance in fluids of the body
  5. Heart failure

What are the signs that your kidneys are failing?

The kidneys do not fail suddenly. There are a series of symptoms that play out before your kidneys fail and you need dialysis as a treatment. 

Let’s take a look at some of these symptoms:

  1. You will not crave meat anymore
  2. There will be a metallic taste in your mouth
  3. You might start to have very bad breath
  4. You will have feelings of nausea or frequent urges to vomit
  5. You might not feel hungry at all
  6. One of the major symptoms of kidney failure is having itchy skin too. 

If you have any of these symptoms you should immediately consult the Best Nephrologist in Karachi as soon as possible. 

  • How is kidney failure diagnosed?

The diagnosis of kidney failure or you needing dialysis is made after reviewing the reports of these tests: 

  1. Blood urea nitrogen 
  2. Creatinine 
  3. Glomerular filtration rate

These tests help the nephrologists in having an idea of the amount of waste products in your blood. 

Some urine tests are also recommended to check the levels of salts, proteins, or presence of abnormal cells. 

All of these diagnostic tests and procedures help in determining whether a person needs dialysis or not. 

  • How does dialysis help patients whose kidneys are failing?

There are two basic types of dialysis: 

  1. Hemodialysis
  2. Peritoneal dialysis. 

The procedure followed for both types may be slightly different but the main aim of both types of dialysis is to filter out our blood and control fluid levels in our body

If a person’s kidneys fail, they can still live on dialysis for around five to ten years. However, if proper care is taken, this period can be increased to 20 years as well. 

All in all, dialysis is one of the most reliable and effective treatments for failing kidneys. So, if you have any discomfort in your kidneys or your kidneys aren’t performing their function properly, you should consult the Best Nephrologist in Islamabad at your earliest. 

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By Michael Caine

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