What is One Person Company (OPC)?

This empowered the business visionaries to begin an endeavor in the event that they can do so. It is essential to note here that the guidelines don’t allow non-banking monetary establishments to Register as OPC.

 It energizes independent work inside the ambit of India’s overall set of laws. Just a characteristic individual who is an inhabitant of India in the previous schedule year (who has remained in India for at least 182 days) can shape an OPC. The individual from the OPC can’t fuse more than one OPC.

Benefits of One Person Company are:

Separate lawful substance: The OPC partakes in the situation with a different lawful element from its advertisers. Consequently, the business visionary can do what he/she needs.

Simple subsidizing: 

It is more straightforward for OPC to raise assets through investment, monetary establishment, or holy messenger financing. One might even decide to raise assets by changing over into a private restricted organization.

Restricted risk: 

The responsibility of the OPC is restricted to the degree of the offer held by the person. Along these lines, it empowers the person to face more challenges in business.

 More open doors are given without influencing or experiencing a deficiency of individual resources.

Advantages of being a limited scale industry:

Benefits can be profited by accomplishing a lower pace of revenue on advances, simple financing from banks without a security store, and so forth This large number of advantages help to set up a business in its underlying years.

Tax collection benefits: 

Unlike ownership, according to the Income Tax Law, any compensation paid to the overseer of an OPC will be permitted as allowance.

Expanded trust: 

The company type of business permits an expanded trust and glory than different types of business.

Get interested in late installment: Under the Enterprises Development Act, 2006, an OPC can profit benefits since it is recently fired up, miniature, little or medium. It is qualified to get revenue that is multiple times the bank rate.

Consistence prerequisite: 

The consistence necessities are lesser in contrast with the privately owned business.

This single individual monetary substance likewise has a specific impediment:

Each OPC should choose a Director in the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the organization. It will make reference to the subtleties of the individual who is qualified to turn into the proprietor of the OPC assuming that the sole Director is incapacitated.

On the off chance that the yearly turnover of OPC crosses 2 crore rupees, it should be changed over into a Private Limited Company. Further, evaluated budget reports should be recorded with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs toward the finish of each monetary year.

A minor, unfamiliar resident, non-occupant, or any individual debilitated by contract are not qualified to shape an OPC.

It is critical to consider every one of the benefits and restrictions of an OPC before a business visionary fused.

One Person Company (OPC): Process of Registration

As indicated by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, one individual organization enrollment interaction can be definite as:

Application for Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): To get a DSC, the proposed chief will require records with respect to; address verification, Aadhar card, PAN card, photo, email-id, and telephone number. DSC is significant as all the organization enlistment processes are done carefully.

Application for Director Identification Number (DIN): The proposed chief should fill out the SPICe Form to benefit DIN. The subtleties of name and address evidence of the Director must be submitted here. On the off chance that the organization as of now exists, Form DIR 3 must be filled.

Name Approval Application: The name for organization enrollment can be endorsed either by making an application in Form SPICe 32 or by utilizing the RUN web administration of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. One favored name alongside the mark must be given. The service will choose to allow two proposed names alongside one re-accommodation. The name of the organization once supported will append privately restricted toward the end, for example, ABC (OPC) Private Limited. You can direct your organization name search here.

also, read: company registration

Records needed for accommodation to the Registrar of Companies (RoC):

The Memorandum of Association (MoA) expresses the business for which an OPC will be fused.

The Articles of Association (AoA) express the bye-laws for the activity of a business.

A chosen one must be named. The chosen one will assume responsibility on the off chance that the chief passes on, or become weakened or can’t play out his obligations


A proof of company’s enrolled office: evidence of possession and a NOC of the proprietor.

Sworn statement and assent of the proposed chief.

An expert affirmation confirming that all compliances have been made.

Recording structures with MCA: In request to finish the OPC Registration, all the previously mentioned archives should be joined to SPICe Form, SPICe-MoA, and SPICe-AoA alongside the DSC of the chief and the expert. 

The equivalent would be transferred by the MCA on the site with the end goal of endorsement. Further, PAN and TAN are produced for the OPC which will be transferred to MCA subsequent to joining the DSC of the proposed Director.

Post OPC enrollment, it is the obligation of each OPC to follow fundamentally required compliances:

Something like one executive gathering must be held in a half year. The delay between the executive gatherings ought not to be under 90 days.

A legitimate book of records must be kept up with.

Legal review of financial reports must be followed.

Business personal government forms need to record each 30th September.

Budget summaries in Form AOC-4 and RoC yearly return in Form MGT 7 must be recorded.

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By Michael Caine

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